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Measles



Child's skin with the measles spots

Which is

Measles is an infectious disease caused by an RNA virus that, before manifesting the first symptoms of the disease, remains incubated for an average of 10 days, but it can range from 7 to 18 days.

Periods and Symptoms

It is a highly contagious disease that presents different symptoms and three well-defined periods: Catarrhal, exanthematic and convalescent or furfuraceous peeling.

Its first period, catarrhal (also known as prodromal), takes approximately 6 days and presents the following symptoms: fever, cough, runny nose, photophobia and conjunctivitis.

After this first stage, the exanthematic period occurs, in which the initial symptoms become more intense. In this phase, relevant prostration of the patient occurs and emergence of characteristic rash of the disease, which after 2 or 3 days, extends to the trunk and extremities of the body.

In the period of convalescence (furfuraceous desquamation) the spots on the skin darken and become thinned.

Complications

This disease may present complications such as the appearance of infections in the respiratory system, pneumonia, diarrhea, encephalitis, laryngitis, otitis media, etc.

Vaccine

Measles is a highly contagious infectious disease that is easily transmitted through direct contact with the infected person. The best way to prevent the spread of this disease is through the vaccine, which is its main means of control.

PLEASE NOTE: The information on this page is only for research and school work. Therefore, they should not be used for medical advice. To do so, see a doctor for advice and proper treatment.